Eye conditions

Fall prevention - How an optometrist can help your child

When a child falls or hurts themselves on the playground we tend to point the finger at clumsiness or a simple accident. But what if these injuries were caused by something else?
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Smoking's effects on the eyes

It’s no secret smoking can cause serious damage to various organs in our body. But did you know smoking can also damage our vision and eye health?
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The not-so-secret weapon of diabetes management

There’s no denying physicians and dietitians play critical roles in caring for people living with diabetes. But there’s a not-so-secret weapon patients often overlook - their optometrist.
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Fall prevention: How your optometrist can help

When seniors lose their ability to see – either suddenly or over time – it deeply alters their ability to stay independent. Many times, vision loss leads to declining health, disability, institutionalization, and – you guessed it – frequent falls.
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Diabetes and the eyes

Diabetes can seriously affect your eyes, causing temporary or permanent vision loss. That is why annual eye exams are critical for people living with diabetes, and are covered by OHIP regardless of age.
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20/20 isn't everything

A visual experiment where common visual problems known to affect learning in kids are simulated in 4 adult teachers, and their experience and reaction are discussed.
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Vitreous detachment

The vitreous is a semi-solid to liquid material that occupies up to 75 per cent of the eye???s volume. It is contained within a thin sac that is tightly adhered to the retina (the inner layer of the eye).
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Trichiasis

The term trichiasis describes the condition in which one???s eyelashes turn inwards. The eyelids normally have a single row of eyelashes on the upper and lower lids. The lashes typically point outwards, away from the eye.
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Sun and UV exposure

Explaining the effects of UV exposure on adults and children. As well as providing tips to protect yourself and your children from the sun.
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Strabismus

Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are not properly aligned with each other, resulting in double vision or the suppression of the image from the affected eye. For a variety of reasons, one or both of the eyes may turn in, out, up or down.
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Retinal detachment

The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the inner posterior portion of the eye. It consists of cells called photoreceptors (rods and cones). These cells transmit light from the eye to the brain allowing us to see.
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Recurrent corneal erosion

The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped covering of the eye. RCE occurs when the outer layer of the cornea, known as the epithelium, loosens or peels off. Normally the epithelium is tightly adhered to the layer of the cornea beneath it.
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Pterygium

A pterygium is a benign, triangular-shaped growth of the conjunctiva (the thin clear layer of tissue that lies over the white of the eyeball) that grows onto the cornea.
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Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a normal aging change in which the crystalline lens of your eye increases in size and loses its elasticity and flexibility. This results in an inability to focus on objects up close.
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Pink eye (conjunctivitis)

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent layer covering the surface of the inner eyelid and a portion of the front of the eye. Conjunctivitis has several causes and affects people of all ages.
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Low vision

Low vision is a loss of vision enough to make everyday tasks difficult, even with the best spectacle prescription and once all treatment for the eye condition has been undertaken.
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Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a progressive disease affecting the front window of the eye and the cornea. It results in poor vision that cannot be corrected fully with glasses. Keratoconus usually begins in the late teenage years.
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Floaters and spots

Floaters (often called floating spots) are small, semi-transparent cobwebs, specks or squiggles that appear in your field of vision.
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Farsighted and nearsighted

Explaining the difference between myopia and hyperopia or farsightedness or nearsightedness.
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Dry eyes

The tears your eyes normally produce are necessary for overall eye health and clear vision. Dry eye occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears or produce tears that do not have the proper chemical composition.
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