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Eye health and exams for children
Between ages one and two, it's important for a child to develop good hand-eye coordination and depth perception. There are activities that can help improve these essential visual skills, such as playing with building blocks, puzzles, or balls of any shape and size.
Children at age two enjoy listening to and looking at storybooks. It helps them develop visualization skills and prepares them for learning to read. At this stage of their development, toddlers also like to paint, draw and colour, sort shapes and sizes, and fit or assemble pieces. These activities are all integral to their visual development.
A preschooler's eyes are not ready for prolonged or intense concentration at short distances, but they do enjoy TV. To make TV viewing easier on the eyes, the room should be softly lit, the television placed to avoid glare, and the child should sit further away than five times the screen's width, taking periodic breaks from staring at the screen.
Be alert for symptoms that may indicate your child has a visual problem:
Red, itchy or watering eyes
Sensitivity to light
An eye that consistently turns in or out
Squinting, rubbing the eyes, or excessive blinking
A lack of concentration
Covering or closing one eye
Irritability or short attention span
Holding objects too close
Avoiding books and television
Visible frustration or grimacing
Protect your child’s vision. If you notice any of these symptoms, book an eye exam with an optometrist. Your child should have a complete optometric eye exam at six months, another at age three and annually throughout the school years to ensure optimal eye health and developmental progress.
School-age children constantly use their eyes in the classroom and at play. For school-age children, several different visual skills must work together so they can see and understand clearly. If any of these visual skills are lacking or impaired, your child will need to work harder and may develop headaches or fatigue, or having difficulty maintaining attention on tasks. The increased visual demands of schoolwork can make greater demands on a child’s visual skills, pointing out a vision problem that was not apparent before school. The child may not realize they have a vision problem - they may simply assume everyone sees the way they do.
A vision-related problem may cause some of these symptoms:
Headaches or irritability
Avoidance of near or distance work
Covering or rubbing of the eyes
Tilting of the head or unusual posture
Using a finger to maintain place while reading
Losing place while reading
Omitting or confusing words when reading
Performing below their potential
Conditions that may emerge during this stage in your child’s life include:
or nearsightedness (blurred vision when seeing objects at a distance)
or farsightedness (blurred vision when seeing objects up close)
(distorted vision at all distances)
As well, disorders of binocular vision, or how the two eyes work together, are very common. These include convergence insufficiency, oculomotor dysfunction and accommodative insufficiency. Protect your child’s vision. If you notice any of these symptoms, book an eye exam with an optometrist.
Even if you have no concerns, your child should have a complete optometric eye exam at six months, another at age three, and annually throughout the school years to ensure optimal eye health and developmental progress.
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